According to the World Health Organization, more than 4 billion people around the world suffer from vermin infestation. Such a huge number indicates that this problem still remains underestimated and people are not fully aware of the symptoms, consequences and treatment for the vermin-related diseases.
Certain categories of the population are especially prone to vermin infestation. In particular, children run a high risk of pinworm infestation, hunters – trichinosis, fishermen – diphyllobothriasis. Moreover, some diseases may not have a direct link with the vermin infestation at a first glance but scientists have confirmed that oncological diseases can be caused by vermins, among other reasons.
The presence of vermins in a human body is not always evident. The symptoms do not always appear clearly, and even if they do, they disguise as the diseases of the liver, gastrointestinal tract, gallbladder and so forth. So a person can receive a medical treatment for years and still not know the real cause of the disease, but after passing an anthelmintic drug course recovers quickly.
How do people get infested by vermins?
How do vermins enter the human body? There are 4 main sources to be aware of:
● the soil-transmitted helminths. As their name suggests, these are transmitted through the soil (and then water) which contains mature egg sets of vermins that penetrate into the soil with the faeces of humans or animals, as well as through a direct contact with animals and by the flies eggs on food;
● contact-transmitted helminths. These vermins spread from person to person. The most common type of vermins in this case is pinworms;
● bio helminths. They enter the human organism from the raw, half-baked or lightly processed meats (e.g., pork, beef) or helminth-infected fish (sushi, barbecue, dried fish, fat-streaked meat, etc.) Some parasites penetrate into the body through insect bites.
The main mechanism of any infestation is usually the fecal-oral, i.e. a person swallowed the vermin eggs along with the food or water. Some of the vermin infestation cases are caused by the bites of infected insects.
After any contact with soil or sand, you should wash your hands and thoroughly clean the nails. It is better to have close-cropped nails, especially for children. Vegetables, herbs, fruits, berries, mushrooms and any products related to the soil require a thorough washing under running water and scalding with a boiling water. Pets, especially dogs and cats, that walk outside frequently, bring a lot of impurities into the house, so children playing with them are subject to the maximum risk of infection. Flies are also major carriers of vermins.
A huge number of vermin eggs exist in water. Therefore, you should always use an antibacterial filter and be sure to boil the water before consuming it. It is also dangerous to swallow water when swimming in the rivers, lakes or seas.
What are the symptoms of vermin infestation?
Let’s start by taking a look at 10 major symptoms and then proceed into how exactly they influence the human organism. So the most important symptoms are:
1. periodical or permanent itching in the anus;
2. skin rash;
3. headache and dizziness;
4. nausea and vomiting;
5. flatulence and constipation;
7. restless sleep, insomnia and nightmares;
8. swollen legs;
9. enlarged lymph nodes;
10. allergic reactions – urticaria, asthma, allergic rhinitis, allergic cough.
One of the most striking symptoms of vermin infestation are a dramatic weight loss, pale skin (anemia), haggard look and itching in the anus. These are only the most obvious symptoms that come in with a massive infestation. However, there are many other symptoms that a person thinks is the manifestation of some other diseases and so an adequate treatment is not received.
Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract
If the vermins are localized in the gastrointestinal tract, the main symptoms are disorders of the gastrointestinal tract functions, such as constant diarrhea, chronic constipation, nausea and recurrent vomiting, abdominal pain (especially close to the navel), pains on the right side, flatulence. These symptoms may be either mild or more intense and prolonged; it depends on the massiveness of the infestation. Some types of vermins produce hormone-like substances that cause diarrhea; in case of a massive growth, they may partially overlap the intestines, causing constipation.
Disorders of the nervous system and general fatigue
When the vermins infest the organism, they tend to secrete a lot of toxic substances. The stronger the infestation, the more intense the symptoms of intoxication are, producing negative effects on the central nervous system.
This process manifests itself with a headache and dizziness combined with nausea – in this case, a person may take it as a migraine and treat it accordingly. Also, there may be pains in the joints, the body temperature can rise to subfebrile levels or even cause fever.
Also, the lack of vitamins and nutrients which the vermins deprive a person of, in combination with inhibition of the nervous system, leads to the development of chronic fatigue syndrome, constant sleepiness, weakness, and anemia. Children can become more moody and irritable, have disturbed sleep, insomnia, cries at night, nightmares which in turn causes children falling behind in their studies.
Allergic reactions and skin manifestations
Vermin infestation is deteriorating condition of the skin. Vermins desensitize the body; the organism recognizes proteins as allergens which causes skin reactions. Eruptions on the skin are the result of histamine release by the mast cells and the accumulation of the liquid portion of the blood in the tissue with a partial uplift of the epidermis. For the same reasons, other allergic reactions can occur, including both local (hives, itching) and overall (allergic rhinitis, dry cough, bronchial asthma) ones. A person may also experience lamination of nails, brittle hair, and nails, cracked heels.
Reduced immunity followed by the development of infectious diseases
Toxic effects produced by the vermins as well as the lack of nutrients, vitamins and minerals, lead to a significant reduction in the immunity. This may exacerbate existing chronic diseases or cause various inflammatory processes in the nasopharynx like sinusitis, stomatitis. Girls and women may face a variety of inflammatory processes in the genital organs like vulvovaginitis, bacterial vaginosis, etc. It is believed that snoring and gnashing of teeth at night are also symptoms of vermin infestation, although that remains a suggestion yet to be proved.