Factors Provoking Diseases of Gastrointestinal Tract – WikiIllnessSymptoms.com

Factors Provoking Diseases of Gastrointestinal Tract

Factors Provoking Diseases of Gastrointestinal Tract

Long-term breaks between meals increase appetite, which is accompanied with the release of gastric juices in the stomach before the food enters there. The released gastric juice interacts not with the food, but with a mucosa of the empty stomach, causing irritation that leads to the development of acute inflammatory processes.If the situations repeat continuously such processes may become chronic.

Cold hot meal
A temperature of food plays an important role in the emergence of chronic diseases of the digestive system. Disorders of the digestive system are caused by extremely cold (temperature below 7°C) and excessively hot (temperature above 70°C) meals and drinks. Cold meals increase an excretory function of the stomach as well as the acidity of its contents with subsequent decline in digestive power of gastric juice. The consumption of the too hot food leads to the atrophy of the gastric mucosa, which is accompanied by a sharp decrease in the secretion of hydrochloric acid and pepsin in the gastric juice.

binge eating

Stomach diseases may arise as a consequence of overloading the stomach with abundant food. Digestion of the excess amounts of food requires an increased activity of gastric juice, but since its supply is insufficient compared to the food amount, the digestion processes become delayed that results in incomplete digestion of foodstuffs.

malnutrition

Malnutrition exerts an extremely negative impact on the functional condition of the digestive system. For example, an insufficient supply of proteins often decreases the stomach secretion and deteriorates liver functions. Lack of vitamins in the diet also influences negatively.

Smoking

Smoking. Harmful components of tobacco smoke (nicotine, ammonia, acids, resin, and others) irritate the oral mucosa and salivary glands that stimulates an increased salivation. Together with the saliva the components of tobacco smoke penetrate the stomach and irritate the gastric mucosa from inside. Irritation of the gastric mucosa, in turn, promotes the release of large amounts of gastric juice and gastric acidity increases significantly. These factors greatly increase the risk of peptic ulcer and gastritis. Moreover, smoking stimulates peristalsis of the intestine that may cause periodic constipation and diarrhea.

Infections and parasites

Infections and parasites. Infections and parasites (Salmonella, Staphylococcus, worms) penetrate into the organism through food (unwashed fruits or vegetables, the spoiled meat or sweets) and water and may cause fever, nausea, vomiting, pain and diarrhea and so on.

Medications

Medications. Virtually all drugs affect the condition of the gastric and intestinal mucosa to a certain degree. They may cause stomach or duodenum disorders or contribute to the aggravation of the existing problems.