Rabies is an acute infectious disease caused by a virus Neuroiyctes rabid. The virus severely harms a central nervous system and without a timely emergency vaccination may lead to death. Saliva of an infected animal contains the virus of rabies. A person gets infected after being bitten by a sick animal. There three stages of rabies and each has its own characteristic symptoms. Let’s review them in turn.
The initial stage lasts for 1-3 days and the first symptoms of rabies are detected around the very place of the bite. The wound may completely disappear during this time, but the man begins to feel the bite. There is a malleable pain reaching its peak in the center of the bite accompanied by burning and itching as well as the increased skin sensitivity. The scar may become inflamed. The temperature varies from 37C to 37,3 C but commonly does not exceed the upper limit. There is also weakness, headache, vomiting and diarrhea. If the face was bitten, a person may experience visual and olfactory hallucinations, like intrusive odors, which do not really exist. Typical mental disorders are also observed, i.e. the patient feels a groundless fear, sadness and depression. In rare cases the anxiety is followed by irritability. A patient becomes apathetic to what is happening around him. A patient also sleeps badly and loses appetite. Terrible dreams may happen while sleeping.