If after a year of regular sexual activity without any contraception a woman doesn’t get pregnant, an infertility may be diagnosed. Woman is the main reason of it in more than 35% of cases. Female infertility can be absolute, if the pregnancy is impossible and relative, if the probability of pregnancy still exists, but is significantly reduced. There are various reasons that cause female infertility. Let’s review them in turn.
The ability of women to get pregnant is not maintained on the same level throughout a whole life. There is a direct correlation between the age and frequency of infertility cases. In the age of 18-29 the frequency of infertility cases is 10%, increasing to 15% and 20% after 35 years and 40 years respectively. Thus, women’s fertility begins to decline drastically after 35. This happens due to the increased chromosomes destruction that influences the eggs of elderly women.
Many reasons of infertility stem from different gynecological problems but, fortunately, they are treatable. The main gynecological problems include:
1. Endometriosis. This is a condition in which the endometrium of uterus grows outside its cavity. It is considered to be a leading cause of female infertility. The most frequent manifestation of the disease is painful irregular menstruation and miscarriage is the result of the disease. The main solution is a surgical removal of the excessive tissue. After such operation the conception occurs in 40% of cases within 1-1.5 years. Patients are also recommended to apply additional reproductive technologies.