Rubella is a viral disease that belongs to a group of airborne infections. The highest possibility to get infected by rubella is when the immune system is weakened. A sick person during the incubation period, i.e. the first 5-7 days since the onset is the source of the rubella virus.
The course of the disease in adult patients is heavier compared to children and may lead to serious complications. Therefore, it’s highly recommended to visit a doctor immediately even in case of the slightest suspicion.
The symptoms of rubella are as follows.
Red rash. The red rash is the first symptom of rubella. Moreover, the rash in adult patients differs from the children’s one. In fact, in adults, the spots merge with each other forming large patches. The rash first appears as small pink spots behind the ears and on the nose, then it spreads to the hands and torso, moving gradually to the lower part of the body. Rubella spots may remain on the skin surface for 5-7 days.
Fever. Fever may appear either before the rash or simultaneously with it. There are periods when the temperature hits 40 degrees. It is very difficult to bring the temperature to a normal level in adult patients.
Swollen lymph nodes. An increase of the lymph nodes occurs on the second day of the disease as a result of inflammation. Lymph nodes may increase chaotically either in the armpit or in the groin or simultaneously in all locations.
A headache. A headache has a long character and lasts for a long time. Common drugs against a migraine do not help in case of rubella.
An absence of appetite. The patient experiences loss of appetite accompanied by nausea. This symptom appears because of the intoxication of the organism as a result of a high body temperature and toxic waste products of rubella virus activity.
Pain in muscles and joints. The patient experiences pain in muscles and joints regardless of body temperature in case of rubella. It is very similar to the sensations in the event of cold and flu.
Symptoms of acute respiratory infections. The adult patient may experience symptoms of cold such as a sore throat and cough. Sometimes these symptoms appear before the rash and then rubella may be easily confused with acute respiratory infections. However, the symptoms still remain when the drugs that are commonly prescribed against respiratory infections are used. It happens because these drugs do not harm rubella viruses.
Photophobia. The patients suffering from rubella feel unpleasant sensations staying at the bright light. Photophobia is usually accompanied by lacrimation.
Conjunctivitis. Conjunctivitis sometimes occurs along with photophobia. It develops 2-3 days since the onset of the disease, typically at night. Awakening in the morning, the patient opens his eyes with a great difficulty.