Diphtheria is an acute, communicable infectious disease with anthroponotic toxic symptoms and fibrinous inflammation located at the port of entry for infection.
The causative agent of diphtheria is a gram-positive bacteria, Corynebacterium diphtheriae.
Fortunately, diphtheria can be successfully controlled by the means of vaccination. For vaccinated individuals, the course of the disease is typically mild and is not accompanied by severe complications.
However, it’s important to be familiar with the symptoms of diphtheria in order to prevent the disease-causing damage.
Forms of diphtheria
While the incubation period lasts from 2 to 10 days, clinical classification of diphtheria divides it into the following forms:
● an upper respiratory tract diphtheria;
● a diphtheria croup;
● diphtheria of the throat, trachea, nose, genitals, eyes, skin which in some cases can progress into the combined forms with the simultaneous defeat of several organs.